Libraries and open archives

Libraries have long been actively and politically engaged in the move towards open access to scientific and technological information and open archives, on a local, national, and international level. As the years pass and the number of projects increases, it is becoming clear that while libraries are not the sole stakeholders in the process, they nonetheless play a major role in developing open archives, from raising awareness within institutions to implementing software platforms, lobbying and think tanks. Libraries are involved both in terms of their key missions and skills and in experimenting with innovative new models, both in technological and economic terms. These new challenges are an opportunity for libraries to define a new form of legitimacy as key partners within their research institutions.