Competition in the documentation professions : reality or fiction?

The author explores the concept of competition in the context of the documentation professions. Competition can be endogenous or exogenous, but seems to affect those professions in North America and in Europe. This competition manifests itself first of all at the level of training, and then at the level of much more specialised competences and qualities. When the qualifications required for employment of graduates in librarianship and information science are compared with those of graduates in information technology and management, the gap that exists in the perception of employers is noticeable: some qualifications are clearly more valued than others.