Strategies of digitisation: a comparative analysis of two programmes, Bibliothèque nationale de France and Bibliothèque nationale du Québec

National libraries have an important role to play in the setting up of digital collections, for they possess enormous reserves to exploit and develop. But what kind of collection should be created and what contents should be selected? The pilot programmes carried out at the Bibliothèque nationale de France and the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec during the 1990s illustrate two different digitisation policies.