Information literacy training for students in France

The training in information literacy is emerging with difficulty and unevenly in the context of French universities, relying on government directives aimed at combating failure in the first year university cycle. Since the Savary law of 1984, reforms have been written into courses for the teaching of information literacy, at first optional, the implementation of which has varied from one establishment to another; in collaboration or not with the library. A number of guides and on-line resources have been elaborated to support this training.