The Premier recensement des métiers des bibliothèques (First Census of the Library Professions) - headed by the Bureau de la formation de la Sous-direction des bibliothèques (Academic and Research Libraries) du ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - gives a complete description of practices for each of them. Furthermore, a chart of competencies and skills has been set up. It is a useful tool for all those in charge of library education and training. Meanwhile, this chart asks questions about the specificity of competencies and specialized disciplinary knowledge for instance. Finally, one can wish that this kind of survey could be done for public libraries.